Welding Types and Their Advantages

April 08 2022
Welding Types - Ross Wright Ltd

There are over 30 different welding types and each type has their own advantage. For our Ross Wright team we are experts and can help you in all different areas. The different types of welding will be used depending on the job and what the final outcome is.

Firstly, it is important to know what welding is…

The welding process joins materials together, usually metals or thermoplastics, by using a high heat and then it cools this causes fusion. Each welding technique has its own technique and methods which are used.

The different types of welding…

There are four main types of welding which are as follows.

  • Metal Inert Gas (MIG)
  • Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
  • Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG)
  • Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW or Stick)

Advantages of MIG

Metal Inert Gas is used in a variety of welding operations just like a shop or factory. It is one of the more commonly used types of welding. The reason many different welders use this specific type of welding is because of the speed and the quality that is produced.

Many indoor environments would choose to use MIG as it needs a clean surface where there is no wind whatsoever. If you were caught in the wind, gas shielings wouldn’t be successful as reactions would take place and you would see imperfections on the welded area.

Other benefits:

  • Simple and easy method to learn
  • Clean
  • Efficient
  • Versatile
  • Quick welding option

Advantages of FCAW

Flux-Cored Arc Welding is a method which combines Metal Inert Gas (MIG) and also Metal Active Gas (MAG). Each of these welding techniques use wire feeding machines and have a very high production rate, similar to MIG.

The main difference between Flux-Cored and Metal Inert Gas is that the Flux-Core does not require a shielding gas to be completed. This particular method uses all of the heat that is conducted by an electric arc to fuse the metal.

Other benefits:

  • High quality welding outcome
  • Can be used at a high speed
  • Can be used outdoors
  • Used in all positions

Advantages of TIG

What is TIG Welding? Tungsten Inert as is an arc based welding process that will produce weld with a non-consumable tungsten electrode.

This is an extremely versatile technique but one of the more complex ones to learn and adapt to. It uses a specific process which requires a shielding gas, normally Argon that protects the weld metal from any form of contamination. The welding torch will deliver the shielding gas.

Other benefits:

  • Varying metal thickness
  • Less/ minimal smoke
  • The specific TIG machines can also perform stick welding

Advantages of Stick/ SMAW

Stick/ SMAW is a method that uses manual arc welding. This is the oldest type of welding and it dates back to the 1800s when it was developed in Russia and the it evolved and began being used in Sweden in the early 1900s.

This type of welding is a combination of both electricity and consumable electrodes which are coated in in flux to create the welded joint. This therefore means that the need for shielding gas is not needed unlike MIG and TIG.

Stick welding is specifically used for any heavy duty work that is being carried out. Any work with industrial iron, cast iron and carbon steel will all use Stick welding.

Other benefits:

  • Practical is most weather conditions
  • Portable
  • Versatile
  • The necessary equipment is not overly priced
  • Simple and easy to change rods or different applications

Are you looking for advice on work that you are planning on having? Are you unsure who to speak to? The fantastic Ross Wright team provide a number of different services that will be a huge benefit to you. From asbestos removal to steel fabrication and everything in between. Call us on 01325 320767 or visit: rosswrightltd.com